Whiplash occurs when your head is forcefully and quickly thrown backward and then forward. This backward and forward motion can injure bones in the spine, the discs between the bones, ligaments, muscles, nerves, and other tissues in the neck. Whiplash injuries can result from car accidents (rear-end collisions), physical abuse or assault, and from contact sports. Any impact or blow that causes your head to jerk forward or backward can cause neck strain, and the sudden force stretches and tears the muscles and tendons in your neck.
Symptoms of Whiplash